Dr. Sukhamoy Barik

Dr. Sukhamoy Barik

MBBS (Cal), MS (Obstetrics and Gynaecology) FMAS
Consultant Gynaec Laparoscopic Surgeon and Infertility Specialist

Can Ovarian Cysts Lead to Infertility?

by drbarik | May 19, 2023 | Gynaecology

Can Ovarian Cysts Lead to Infertility?

Ovarian cysts and pregnancy: can a cyst stop you from having a baby?


Ovarian cysts are usually benign fluid-filled sacs that take root in the ovaries. Most cysts are detected through myriad imaging tests like ultrasound. In most cases, the cysts exist without causing any symptoms. However, rupture of the cysts or the sheer largeness of it can cause excruciating pain and discomfort. The best infertility doctor in Dumdum believes that some ovarian cysts might endanger infertility and pregnancy-related conditions.
This article is here to canvas the relationship between ovarian cysts and infertility.



How certain ovarian cysts might lead to infertility

Not all ovarian cysts can endanger infertility. The top 10 infertility doctors state that there are many types of ovarian cysts, such as:
- Endometriomas
- PCOS-cysts
- Functional cysts
- Cystadenomas
- Dermoid cysts


Among this broad spectrum of ovarian cysts, only a few, namely: Endometriomas and PCOS-related cysts, are medically known to cause fertility issues. In what follows, we will closely explore the link between infertility and these two types of cysts.



Endometriomas and infertility

Endometriosis is a condition that involves the tissue lining of your uterus outgrowing the latter. This abnormally grown or outgrown tissue lining is known to cause severe symptoms, such as painful periods, pelvic pain, bloating, nausea, etc.


Endometriomas are cystic lesions that germinate due to the condition. Most commonly taking root in the ovary, these cysts are usually filled with a dark brown endometrial fluid. Because of this peculiar texture, these cysts are often connoted as ‘Chocolate cysts.’ The presence of chocolate cysts usually implies that the endometriosis has skyrocketed to the severest stage.


Now, severe endometriosis accompanied by cysts can influence fertility due to certain structural dissensions it causes, including:
- Adhesions
- Scarred fallopian tubes
- Inflammation in the pelvic structure
- Alterations in the hormonal environment of the eggs



Polycystic ovary syndrome-related cysts

PCOS-related ovarian cysts form in clusters and resemble the make and model of a pearl. These pearl-sized follicles come to be due to impeded growth of the eggs. The eggs are usually contained in tiny sacs that fill up with fluid as they mature. Normally, the follicles rupture and release the eggs each month during ovulation. However, when the eggs fail to mature pertaining to hormonal deficiency, the follicles build up fluid without releasing the eggs. The latter likewise turns into cysts.

These cysts bear testimony to the fact that the eggs are failing to mature, pointing at a deeper underlying condition.

To summarize, certain ovarian cysts can cause infertility or point to a more heinous underlying condition that is causing infertility. Often, some ovarian cysts are capable of putting a pregnancy in jeopardy. Hence, if you experience the typical symptoms of ovarian cysts, your best call is to consult with an infertility specialist near you.