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Dr. Sukhamoy Barik

MBBS (Cal), MS (Obstetrics and Gynaecology) FMAS
Consultant Gynaec Laparoscopic Surgeon and Infertility Specialist

Menstrual Disorders

What are Menstrual Disorders?

Menstrual disorders are problems related to a woman's normal menstrual cycle. They are one of the most common reasons women visit their gynecologist.

Menstrual disorders and their symptoms can disrupt a woman's daily life. They can also affect her ability to become pregnant.

Types of Menstrual Disorders

There are many types of menstrual disorders, including:
1) Abnormal uterine bleeding. Excessive or prolonged menstrual bleeding
2) Amenorrhea. The absence of menstrual bleeding
3) Oligomenorrhea. Light or infrequent menstruation
4) Fibroids. Noncancerous uterine tumors
5) Premenstrual syndrome (PMS). Physical and emotional discomfort prior to menstruation
6) Premenstrual dysphonic disorder (PMDD). Severe physical and emotional discomfort prior to menstruation

Menstrual Disorders

What causes Menstrual Disorders?

Menstrual disorders can be caused by a variety of factors, including:
1) Uterine Fibroids
2) Hormonal Imbalances
3) Clotting Disorders
4) Cancer
5) Sexually Transmitted Infections (STIs)
6) Polycystic Ovary Syndrome (PCOS) - Cysts on the Ovaries
7) Genetics

What are the symptoms of Menstrual Disorders?

Symptoms may include:
1) Abnormal Menstrual Bleeding
2) Pain or Cramping
3) Depression
4) Headaches
5) Emotional Distress
6) Bloating or fullness in the Abdomen

If your periods come too frequently (fewer than 21 days apart), not often enough (more than three months apart), or last longer than 10 days, talk with your doctor.